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Condoleezza Rice, PhD

Condoleezza Rice (pron.: /ˌkɒndəˈliːzə/; born November 14, 1954) is an American political scientist and diplomat. She served as the 66th United States Secretary of State, and was the second person to hold that office in the administration of President George W. Bush. Rice was the first female African-American secretary of state, as well as the second African American (after Colin Powell), and the second woman (after Madeleine Albright). Rice was President Bush's National Security Advisor during his first term, making her the first woman to serve in that position. Before joining the Bush administration, she was a professor of political science at Stanford University where she served as Provost from 1993 to 1999. Rice also served on the National Security Council as the Soviet and Eastern Europe Affairs Advisor to President George H.W. Bush during the dissolution of the Soviet Union and German reunification.

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66th United States Secretary of State
In office
January 26, 2005 – January 20, 2009
President George W. Bush
Deputy Richard Armitage
Robert Zoellick
John Negroponte
Preceded by Colin Powell
Succeeded by Hillary Clinton
20th National Security Advisor
In office
January 20, 2001 – January 26, 2005
President George W. Bush
Deputy Stephen Hadley
Preceded by Sandy Berger
Succeeded by Stephen Hadley
Provost of Stanford University
In office
1993–1999
Preceded by Gerald Lieberman
Succeeded by John Hennessy
Personal details
Born November 14, 1954 (age 61)
Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
Political party Democratic (Before 1982)
Republican (1982–present)
Alma mater University of Denver
University of Notre Dame
Religion Presbyterianism

Following her confirmation as Secretary of State, Rice pioneered the policy of Transformational Diplomacy, with a focus on democracy in the Greater Middle East. Her emphasis on supporting democratically elected governments faced challenges as Hamas captured a popular majority in Palestinian elections, and influential countries including Saudi Arabia and Egypt maintained authoritarian systems with U.S. support. While Secretary of State, she chaired the Millennium Challenge Corporation's board of directors.

In March 2009, Rice returned to Stanford University as a political science professor and the Thomas and Barbara Stephenson Senior Fellow on Public Policy at the Hoover Institution. In September 2010, Rice became a faculty member of the Stanford Graduate School of Business and a director of its Global Center for Business and the Economy.

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